Organizations & People
and the Environment Division (VI)
Title: Crop protection chemistry
in Latin America: Harmonized approaches for environmental assessment
De Alleluia, Allan
S. Felsot, Roberto
H. Gonzalez, Jan
Parker, Kenneth D.
Racke, and Don
Crop protection chemistry is at a critical juncture in Latin America.
The use of agrochemicals and biotechnology for crop protection purposes
has increased significantly in recent years, and the region now
is one of the world's most important areas for both domestic agricultural
production and export of agricultural commodities to North America,
Europe, and other regions. The scientific study, evaluation, and
regulation of crop protection chemistry is at an early stage of
development in Latin America, particularly with respect to environmental
considerations. There is some high quality research beginning in
the region, but there are also many perception issues and public
uncertainties being fueled by non-science-based environmental organizations.
There is a need to consider lessons learned in other regions and
to adapt for local use the various harmonized approaches which have
already been developed and tested. This includes recommendations
of previous IUPAC projects.
The primary objectives of this project are to:
1. Identify and prioritize the key regional issues related to crop
protection chemistry and potential environmental impacts in Latin
2. Facilitate exchange of information and ideas regarding harmonized
approaches available for the scientific evaluation and regulation
of crop protection chemistry.
3. Develop recommendations for advancement of crop protection chemistry
in Latin America.
The first phase of the project, targeted for 2004, will be to
evaluate the current situation and state-of-the art with respect
to Objective 1. An interdisciplinary working group, comprising experts
from academia, government, and industry, will be created to facilitate
this effort. Major emphasis will be placed on issues related to
the environment, including environmental fate and residue monitoring,
inputs and procedures for computer fate modeling, establishment
of standards, persistent organic pollutants, and ecological and
environmental risk assessment.
The second phase of the project will be a workshop focused on Objective
2 which will during 2005 bring together the diverse regional stakeholders
in crop protection chemistry from the research and regulatory communities.
Co-sponsorship for this activity has been preliminarily identified
with the University of Costa Rica, National Agrochemical Association
of Costa Rica, CropLife Latin America (formerly Latin America Crop
Protection Association), and the International Association of Plant
Protection Societies. The workshop will include both presentations,
round-table discussions, and interactive, hands-on demonstrations.
The third phase of the project will be compilation of a set of
recommendations related to Objective 3 and will occur during 2005
and 2006. This will be accomplished via the project working group,
augmented with additional experts identified during the workshop.
Conclusions and recommendations will be published in both hard copy
and electronic format (web-based). It is anticipated that one or
more additional IUPAC project proposals may emerge.
Last update: 30 August 2005
you want to update this information, contact us by e-mail
Do not forget to include the Project Number,
your name and relation with that project
Page last modified 30 August 2005.
Copyright ©1997-2005 International Union of Pure and Applied
Questions or comments about IUPAC, please contact, the Secretariat.
Questions regarding the website, please contact web