Chemistry International
Vol. 20 (1998)

1999, Vol. 21

1998, Vol. 20
No. 1 (January)
No. 2 (March)
No. 3 (May)
No. 4 (July)
No. 5 (September)
No. 6 (November)

Index to 1998 CI

1997, Vol. 19


Chemistry International
1998, Vol. 20, No. 5 (September)


Polish Chemistry

Polish chemistry in the century of the discovery of polonium and radium by Maria Sklodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie

This is another in a continuing series of articles on chemistry in IUPAC National Adhering Organizations.

The beginnings of modern chemistry in Poland are connected with a great educational reform that was introduced by the Royal Commission of Education. That institution, which was founded in 1773, was in fact the first ministry of education in Europe. Under its auspices, the chairs of chemistry and natural history were established in 1782 at what was then known as Cracow University (now called Jagiellonian University). Jan Jaskiewicz (1749-1809), who was the first Professor of this chair, and his successor Franciszek Scheidt (1759-1807), introduced into their lectures the theories of Antoine Lavoisier. Jedrzej Sniadecki (1768-1838) became Professor of Chemistry at the University of Vilnius after completing his studies in Cracow, Pavia and Edinburgh, and in 1800 published the first Polish textbook of modern chemistry. This eminent scientist exerted a strong influence on the early stages of development of chemistry in Poland.

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