Vol. 22, No. 4
Books and Publications
from the American Chemical Society and the American Institute of Physics
IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series 68. Aliphatic Compounds C3-C14
By Ari L. Horvath and Forrest W. Getzen. USD 67.00. Published in the
Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 28, No.
3, pp. 649-777, 1999, by the American Chemical Society (1155 Sixteenth
Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036-9976) and the American Institute
of Physics (Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747-
4502) for the National Institute of Standards and Technology [S0047-2689(99)00403-1].
This volume covers the solubilities of halogenated aliphatic C3-C14
compounds with water, heavy water, seawater, and aqueous electrolyte
solutions. All data were critically examined for their reliability,
and best value estimates were selected on the basis of such evaluations.
Referenced works are presented in the standard IUPAC-NIST Solubility
Data Series format. Reported and best value data are presented in tabular
form and, where justified, data correlation equations and graphical
illustrations are provided. Throughout the volume, SI conventions have
been employed as the customary units.
The importance of these data arises from the fact that halogenated
aliphatics have commercial uses in a variety of applications such as
industrial chemi-cals, process raw materials, solvents, and the like.
In such applications, they are often in contact with water and are routinely
exposed to the atmosphere. Sometimes, such contact and exposure results
from spillage, leakage, or mishandling. Reliable data are essential
for concentration estimates for the halogenated aliphatics in drinking
and ground water, foodstuffs, human tissue, marine organisms, and the
The halogenated aliphatics are of particular interest to health scientists,
engineers, environmentalists, and atmospheric chemists in that they
represent a class of chemical materials that has many significant industrial
applications. However, at the same time, some of this class of substances
have been shown to be carcinogenic and also to be especially harmful
for the earth's atmospheric and natural water composition. Indeed, the
chemical reactivity of some halogenated aliphatics has resulted in atmospheric
ozone depletion. The high ozone depletion potentials of such chemical
substances emphasizes the importance of having available complete, accurate,
and reliable data for mutual solubilities with water. The availability
of such data is essential for estimates of halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbon
levels in both natural water and aqueous industrial liquids that result
from industrial fabrication, industrial waste removal processes, and
the like. The data also provide significant solubility values for studies
concerning the health of human and other biological systems.
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