||I U P A C
Organizations & People
Pure Appl. Chem. Vol. 68, No. 9, pp. 1689-1697 (1996)
The Budget and Cycle of Earth's
T.E. Graedel (ii) and W.C.
(i) Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ 07974 USA
(ii) University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA
Earth's chlorine, retained when the planet
was formed from the Solar nebula, is contained largely in three reservoirs:
the mantle (99.6%), the crust (0.3%), and the oceans (0.1%). Only oceanic
chlorine is readily mobile, cycling among the lower and middle atmosphere,
the pedosphere, freshwaters, and the cryosphere. Inter-reservoir chlorine
fluxes are estimated for all transitions of interest; by far the most
important on a mass basis is the injection of seasalt from the oceans
to the atmosphere, and its return to the planetary surface by wet and
> Download full text [pdf file
Page last modified 30 August 2002.
Copyright ©1997-2002 International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.
Questions or comments about IUPAC, please contact, the Secretariat.
Questions regarding the website, please contact Web